Age-related macular degeneration

It can usually be over 50 years old. The part of the retina from which the vision of the central part of the eye is controlled and the eye can focus directly on an object is called the macula. This part is eroded due to age and vision loss occurs. There are two types of degeneration: dry and moist. In the case of dry degeneration, the macula gradually dries out and becomes thin and cannot function properly. 

Type of Age related macular degeneration:

A) Dry macular degeneration

B) wet/moist macular degeneration       

Age Releted Macular Degeneration
Age releted macular degeneration

Most degenerations are of this type. In the case of moist degeneration, central vision is disrupted when fluid leaks out of the newly formed blood vessels beneath the macular. In this case the amount of vision loss is more and faster.

(Read more: Cataract eye disease )

What are the symptoms of Age-related macular degeneration?      

  • The symptoms of this problem are difficulty in seeing things clearly, 
  • the size of things looks distorted or distorted,
  • straight spots show corrugation, 
  • color is not clearly understood, 
  • the center of vision looks dark or blank.

(Read More : Glaucoma is a major cause of blindness)

Management of Age-related macular degeneration    

  • An eye doctor should be consulted if any of these occur. With proper treatment it is possible to prevent damage.
  • In order to maintain good eye health, it is necessary to stop the habit of healthy eating and smoking. Just the right amount of vitamin-rich diet is able to stop the process of losing vision.
  • Intraocular injection is sometimes used to treat age-related macular degeneration. This injection is used to destroy any abnormal blood vessels that form and to dry out the fluid in the macula density. If necessary, in very rare cases, the doctor decides to operate on the disease.
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