BSMMU -MD/MS(Residency and Non-Residency) Question Bank : Cardiology Part 1

BSMMU-MD/MS Question Bank of Cardiology

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BSMMU Question Bank cardiology

1. Amplitude of pulse pressure is directly proportional to-
a) compliance of the vessels
b) stroke volume
C) total peripheral resistance
d) diameter of blood vessel
e) elasticity of vessel wall

2. Arteriosclerosis tends to increase in -
a) total peripheral resistance
b) systolic BP
c) diastolic BP
d) pulse pressure
e) elasticity of vessel wall

3. Plateau in the cardiac muscle-
a) is due to K+ efflux
b) is due to opening of transient calcium channel
C) is due to opening of slow calcium-sodium channel
d) results in prolonged refractory period
e) coincides with ventricular systole


4.Increased vagal tone tends to increase-
a) heart rate
b) A-V nodal delay
c) diameter of blood vessel
d) secretion of HCI
e) motility of gastrointestinal tract


5. A sudden in right atrial volume will cause an immediate increase in-
a) cardiac output
b) heart rate
C) systemic arterial BP
d) atrial natriuretic peptide secretion
e) ADH secretion

6. In resting condition, as blood passes through the systemic capillaries three is an increase in (BSMMU - Residency - MD, MS, Basic science,March 16)
a) plasma protein concentration of blood
b) packed cell volume(PCV)
c) pH of blood
d) P50
e) mean corpuscular hemoglobin concentration

7. Pulse pressure increases in (Past Question of BSMMU - Non-Residency - MD, MS, Basic science, Dentistry - July'15)
a) arteriosclerosis
b) old age
c) patent ductus arteriosus
d) aortic stenosis
e) hypothyroidism

8. Resistance to blood flow is-
a) directly proportional to velocity of blood flow
b) inversely proportional to radius of blood vessel
c) inversely proportional to cross sectional area of blood vessel
d) directly proportional to length of blood vessel
e) directly proportional to haematocrit

9. Pulse pressure is directly proportional to-
a) radius of blood vessels
b) length of blood vessels
c) elasticity of vessel wall
d) viscosity of blood
e) stroke volume

10. Arteriosclerosis tends to increase-
a) elasticity of vessel wall
b) arterial compliance
c) systolic BP
d) diastolic BP
e) arterial pulse pressure

11. Blood pressure-
a) Is the product of cardiac output and heart rate
b) is maintained normally by baroreceptor reflex
c) is increased when aldosterone secretion is more
d) is decreased when mean circulatory filling pressure is more
e) Can be measured by auscultatory method.

12. The normal Blood pressure response in standing is-
a) Slight decrease in systolic and diastolic pressure
b) Slight decrease in systolic and slight increase in diastolic pressure
c) Significant change in mean arterial pressure
d) No change in mean arterial pressure
e) Marked change in pulse pressure


13. Hypoxic vasoconstriction is prominent in the:
A. Lungs
B. Brain
C. Heart
D. Liver
E. Skin

14. Myocardial oxygen demand may be decreased by:
A. Tachycardia.
B. Decreased preload.
C. Increased after load.
D. Decrease contractility.
E. Increased wall tension.


15. Cardiac output will be decreased by:
A. Raising the heart rate from 50 to
72 beats per minute.
B. Increased preload,
C. Decreased after load.
D. Myocardial disease
E. Digitalis.

16. Stroke volume is primarily a function of:
A. The extent of myocardial fiber shortening
B. Heart rate
C. Peripheral resistance
D. Arterial oxygen content.
E. End diastolic volume.

17. Following statements regarding regulation of blood pressure are true:
A. Pressure receptor in the arterial tree
slow the heart when stretched.
B. Pressure receptors in the venous tree
slow the heart when stretched.
C. The glossopharyngeal and vagus
nerves mediate the baroreceptor reflex.
D. The normal response to valsalva maneuver is an initial drop in the blood pressure followed by gradual rise.
E. Chemoreceptors have a primary role.

18. Increased pulmonary blood flow occurs in following congenital heart diseases -
a) atrial septal defect
b) tetralogy of Fallot
c) ventricular septal defect
d) transposition of the great arteries
e) atrioventricular canal defect

19. The following are examples of congenital heart diseases -
a. tricuspid atresia
b. TGA
C. PDA
d. Ebstein's anomaly
e. pulmonary stenosis

20. Following are the acyanotic congenital heart diseases -
a) tetralogy of Fallot
b) ventricular septal defect
c) transposition of great vessels
d) pulmonary stenosis
e) patent ductus arteriosus

21. The following congenital anomalies of the heart are accompanied by continuous cyanosis:
A. Tetralogy of Fallot
B. Double aortic arch
C. Coarctation of aorta
D. Uncomplicated patent ductus arteriosus
E. Complete transposition of great vessels

22. Right-to-left shunt occurs in following
congenital heart diseases:
a) VSD
b)ASD
c)PDA
d) Single ventricle
e) Tetralogy of Fallot
23. Congenital cyanotic heart disease is usually
associated with:
a) Central cyanosis
b) Clubbing of fingers
c) Polycythaemia
d) Iron deficiency anaemia.
e) Malar flush

24. Sign of left heart failure are-
a)Haemoptysis
b)Engorged Neck vein
c)Pulsus alterans
d)Enlarged tender liver
e)Ascites

25. Following are the cardiac enzymes-
a)AST
b)CKBB
c)LDH
d)CKMM
e)CKMB


BSMMU Question Bank cardiology Solution 

Solution of above question was coming as soon as possible after 10:30 PM,2/08/2021.

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