Why acne occurs? types, prevention and management of acne.

What is acne?

The sebaceous glands of the skin secrete an oily substance called sebum. When the ducts of this gland close, the secretion of sebum is blocked and it becomes swollen, which is known as acne. Often the area around the acne becomes inflamed and red. Infections are caused by pus. Even if the infection is cured, scars can remain on the face.

Why acne occurs?

Although the exact cause is not certain, digestive problems, alcohol, and the effects of hormones during adolescence cause acne. Hereditary factors are also one of them. Propane may be responsible for a bacterium called Acne. The cause of acne is multifactorial, such as 

  • Follicular epidermal hyperpoliferation
  • Blockage of pilosebaceous unit with inflammation 
  • Increased sebum secretion Infection by propionibacterium acne

Cardinals features of acne :

  • Blackheads (open comedons) or whiteheads(close comedons)
  • Inflammatory papules 
  • Pustules

Types of acne

1. Tropical acne is more hot and humid in the back, and thighs. 

2. Premenstrual acne occurs a week before menstruation in women. 

3. Acne can be caused by frequent use of some cosmetics. 

4. Repeated washing of the face with soap (more than 1 to 2 times daily) increases the amount of acne. This is called acne detergents. 

5. Steroid Acne occurs when taking or using steroid drugs.

why acne occurs and what are the types and management of acne

What to do in case of acne

  • Wash your face with mild soap or face wash two to three times a day. 
  • Wash your face from outside. 
  • You can take light hot water steam. 
  • Use water based makeup without oil. 
  • Try to keep the scalp free of dandruff. 
  • Stay clean and use a separate towel. 
  • Adequate sleep is needed at night. 
  • Must be stress or tension free. 
  • Eat plenty ofvegetables. 
  • Eat fruits and drink water. 
  • Constipation must be eliminated. 
  • Eat protein and vitamins rich foods 

Do not do if you have acne 

  • Avoid the sun. 
  • Do not use oily creams or foundations. 
  • Do not touch acne, do not scratch. 
  • Do not oil in your face. 
  • Avoid oily or fast food foods and high sugar foods.

Medical treatment of acne :

Acne medication should be used under registered doctor or general physician or Dermatologist. 

  • Benzyl peroxide : apply 1 – 2 times daily after washing with soap and water. If no improvement after one month discontinue 
  • Azelaic acid: apply twice time daily, discontinue if no improvement after one month. 
  • Clindamycin 1% or Erythromycin 2% apply twice daily for antibacterial actions or Azithromycine 5OO mg orally 3 day in per week for 2 months. 
  • Adaplanene : apply thinly once daily before bed 
  • Salicylic acid 2% : three times daily used.. 

Home Remedy of acne :

A big pimple in the middle of a beautiful face is enough to play all twelve of your outfits. Acne mainly affects our face. The best way to get rid of acne is to take home remedies. If you can make a homemade acne pack at home, acne is bound to go away. Let's know the three easiest ways- 

Acne Pack-1: Mix one teaspoon of a baking soda and one tablespoon of coconut oil and make a thick pack. Now wash your face and throat with oil free cleanser in lukewarm water and apply the pack. Leave on for 15 minutes, then massage in a couple of minutes with light hands. When done, wash first in mild hot water and lastly in cold water. This pack is ideal for those who suffer from excess acne. This pack works directly on acne, regulates excess oil secretion and also reduces blackheads. 

Acne Pack-2: Take a cup of sour yogurt in a pot, and mix it well with a teaspoon of honey. Now clean the face, apply the pack and keep it for 20 minutes. Then rinse first with mild hot water and Then, with cold water. Lemon juice removes dead cells that have accumulated in the mouth, cleanses the pores and brightens the skin color. Yogurt keeps the skin moist and bright. 

Acne Pack-3: Mix one tablespoon of fresh aloe Vera gel well with two tablespoons of tomato juice. Apply this pack on clean face and keep it for 15 minutes. Then wash in light hot and cold water as before. Tomatoes are very effective in drying acne and brightening the skin. Aloe Vera has the ability to cool the skin by reducing inflammation.

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